Asphalt shingles are widely regarded as being the best value in roofing. Because of the low cost, easy installation and decent lifespan, these types of roofs are the most popular in the United States. Homeowners may receive discounts from insurance companies for using Class 4 impact rated shingles. However, if the home was built prior to 1900, asphalt shingles would not be historically accurate and a different type of shingle may need to be considered.
There are two types of asphalt shingles: ones made from organic matter such as recycled rags and ones made from fiberglass. Although they are nearly indistinguishable in performance and cost, there are some differences. Shingles made from organic matter can contain high amounts recycled matter which can boost a home’s green rating and are less brittle in cold weather. They are also more prone to fire damage than fiberglass shingles, and may contain asbestos if created earlier than 1980.
Asphalt shingles come with a variety of different qualities, based on the way they are made. In hotter climates, it would be advised to use shingles with solar reflection. In places like Oklahoma, finding a shingle that can take hail, wind, heat and water damage is important.
Equally important is finding one that is aesthetically pleasing. Since asphalt shingles are machine produced, the range of styles, shapes and textures are nearly infinite. One of the most popular styles in Oklahoma is the 3 tab style shingle. However, the 3 tab style is limited with color and texture. For sleeker, modern look, the laminated shingles are the best way to go.
There are some concerns with the removal and disposal of asphalt shingles. There are several known carcinogens that occur as a process of the shingles deteriorating. Organic matter shingles are, sadly, not any better than fiberglass when decomposing due to the higher level of asphalt used in their production.